The combined collection of the Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies Foundation includes 110 portraits, paintings, busts, and other works of art. Ninety pieces are portraits or paintings, consisting of mostly oil on canvas. There are seven bronze and plaster busts, and thirteen other works of art.

The Philanthropic Society purchased the first piece; a portrait of War of 1812 hero Johnston Blakely. Over the intervening centuries, both Societies purchased works honoring those former members they deemed had achieved greatness. Works include President James K. Polk, Vice President William R. King, authors Thomas Wolfe and Paul Green, and numerous secretaries, senators, and governors. In addition to these holdings, the Foundation also owns a number of pieces of furniture by famed free-back furniture maker Thomas Day.